The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Russian: Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-23; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a swing-wing fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich bureau in the Soviet Union. A contemporary of the American F-4 and F-14, it is considered to belong to the Soviet "Third Generation" aircraft category along with similar-aged Russian-produced fighters like the MiG-25 "Foxbat". It was the first Soviet fighter with a look-down/shoot-down radar and beyond visual range missiles, and the first MiG production fighter plane to have intakes at the sides of the fuselage. Production started in 1970 and reached large numbers with over 5,000 aircraft built.
The Cold War Museum operates a 1976 MiG-23UB obtained from Bulgaria in 2006. Bord 022 underwent a depot-level overhaul in 1998 and was flying in Bulgaria as recently as 2002.
 Bord 022
- Assembly complete, initial engine run and taxi tests complete, afterburner tested. See the Museum Blog for details.
When the MiG-21 started flying at Dobrich, all the birds said 'Too loud! We are leaving!' When the MiG-23 started flying, all the rats and mice said, "So much noise! This is no place to raise a family!" and all the rats and mice left the base. When we started flying the MiG-25, all the snakes left... and snakes are deaf! ~ Bulgarian VVS Colonel, as related to Roma
If you are within 100 meters behind a MiG-23 or MiG-25, within 25 degrees of the tail cone, when the pilot goes to full afterburner, you will feel it in your chest, it will be hard to breathe. ~ Bernd Rehn
The MiG-23 is good friends with the fuel truck. You will find that it will shrink your credit card to the size of a postage stamp! ~ Bernd Rehn
We found that we could only do afterburner tests on the Flogger on clear days. If there were low clouds for the sound waves to bounce off, a lady who lives about a mile from the airport would call the FBO and complain, 'Stop rattling my china!' ~ Jerry Parker
We knew we were in trouble when it took two guys just to lift the MiG-23's towbar. ~ Jon
In Bulgaria, Bord 022 was known as 'ice sparka'. Why ice? Because the EGTs on it were quite cooler than other UBs. ~ Ivan ("sparka" is a nickname for a two-seater)
 Specifications (MiG-23UB)
 General characteristics
- Crew: 2: student and instructor
- Length: 16.70 m (56 ft 9.5)
- Wingspan: Spread, 13.97 m (45 ft 10 in)
- Height: 4.82 m (15 ft 9.75 in)
- Wing area: 37.35 m² spread, 34.16 m² swept (402.05 ft² / 367.71 ft²)
- Empty weight: 9,595 kg (21,153 lb)
- Loaded weight: 15,700 kg (34,612 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 18,030 kg (39,749 lb)
- Powerplant: 1× Tumansky R-27F2-300 afterburning turbojet, 65.7 kN dry, 10 kN afterburning (14,450 lbf / 22,000 lbf)
- Maximum speed: Mach 2.35 2,445 km/h at altitude; Mach 1.14, 1,350 km/h at sea level (1,553 mph / 840 mph)
- Range: 1,150 km with six AAMs combat, 2,820 km ferry (570 mi / 1,750 mi)
- Service ceiling: 18,500 m (60,695 ft)
- Rate of climb: 240 m/s (47,245 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 420 kg/m² (78.6 lb/ft²)
- Thrust/weight: 0.88
According to the MiG-23ML manual, the MiG-23ML has sustained turn rate of 14.1 deg/sec and a maximum instantaneous turn rate of 16.7 deg/sec. The MiG-23ML accelerates from 600 km/h (373 mph) to 900 km/h (559 mph) in just 12 seconds at the altitude of 1000 meters. The MiG-23 accelerates at the altitude of 1 km from the speed of 630 km/h (391 mph) to 1300 km/h (808 mph) in just 30 seconds and at the altitude of 10-12 km will accelerate from Mach 1 to Mach 2 in just 160 seconds.
- 1x Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23L 23 mm cannon with 200 rounds
- Two fuselage, two wing glove, and two wing pylons for up to 3,000 kg (6,610 lb) of stores, including:
- R-23/24 (AA-7 Apex)
- R-60 (AA-8 Aphid)
 Historical Photos - Bulgarian Service
Help us get the MiG-23 flying! Consider making a donation to the museum!
 External Links
YouTube Video of Bord 024 after landing in Bulgaria
YouTube Video of MiG-23s in flight